Since ancient times, Uzbekistan was famous for the production of carpets, the source material – the wool of camels and sheep has always been enough. Carpets differ in the length of the nap, ornament and colour scale. Until the beginning of the 20th century, carpet weaving was exclusively the domestic industry of the country’s rural population. Work on one carpet can last from 6 to 12 months because the density of the weaving is very high: in the pattern of each product, you need to connect hundreds of thousands, and even more than a million knots on each square meter. Making up the patterns of fabrics, the masters used a variety of motifs, both inherited and newly created.
At the beginning of the development of carpet weaving, the main theme for the ornamentation of oriental carpets were landscapes of the so-called “Garden of Eden”. The legend says that the basis for everything was the drawing of the famous carpet of the Sasanian king Khosrow (V-IV century), which depicted the beloved garden of the ruler. Hence, the central medallions of carpets depicting the main flowerbed in the middle of the royal garden, a repeating ornament along the edge, these are park paths, and small flower rosettes at the corners of the carpet-flower beds in every corner of the garden. Each of the schools of carpet weaving introduced local colouring into products. Carpet weaving
Uzbek carpets are divided into three types – carpets short-haired ghils, long julhirs and palas cloths. For short-carp carpets is characterized by a deep red-brown gamma, illuminated harmoniously combined lights of coloured details of the main medallions, most often geometric shapes. The best specimens of Uzbek short-carpet rugs are highly appreciated for their decorative qualities, depth and transparency of tones, peculiar simplicity of ornamentation.
Long-standing carpet julhirs has long been common among the Uzbek rural population. This kind of carpet art was not known in the carpet weaving of other peoples of Central Asia. Now it is gaining wide popularity for its decorative qualities and for the fashion trends of world carpet weaving, which expands the production of long-carpet rugs. Dzhulhirsy monumental in composition, simple in ornamentation, effective in colour. On the website uzikat.com, you can find a great number of carpets.
Uzbekistan’s palace fabrics are very diverse. Among their types of kohma is a fabric consisting of smooth stripes of different colours, terma and gajari, woven into a pattern by various “percussion technique” techniques and ornamented with rows of small geometric or geometric floral ornaments with zoomorphic motifs, Arabi performed by the so-called “disgraceful technique”. All types of venal fabrics are sometimes supplemented by the reception of an overhead drawing. This complex and difficult technique, creating the impression of embroidery, is called beškashta.
Famous Bukhara carpets are woven in a red-brown range, and the role of the central figure is “flowerbeds”, the octagons are arranged side by side, images of the stars are viewed along the edge. Carpets of Samarkand are usually blue-yellow tones, in the central field, not one but three medallions, along with the curb there is a Greek ornament – “meander”. The Republic of Uzbekistan revives the traditions of silk carpet weaving. To produce such products, only natural silk threads go and are weaved by hand on vertical or horizontal machines. Carpets are extremely soft and very strong, the height of the pile in them does not exceed 2 mm.